Two naval cruisers arrived from Auckland on the 4th with medical personnel and supplies. The 1931 Hawke's Bay earthquake, which had a magnitude of about 8, killed more than 250 people and destroyed much of central Napier and Hastings. In Hastings, 17 people died when Roach’s department store collapsed, and eight when the front of the Grand Hotel fell into the main street. Erected by the Fletcher Construction Company, and popularly referred to as Tin Town, the extensive corrugated iron complex opened on 16 March 1931. Napier City Council cannot accept any liability for its accuracy or content. THE NAPIER EARTHQUAKE of 1931 with photos Napier 1931 Earthquake another list of names some with notes & bios. This site is produced by the History Group of the New Zealand Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Buildings fell down and people were crushed. Then, half a minute of calm and another violent shock with a downward movement, and more swaying and rocking (McGregor, 1998). Erected "in record time", it was the first of the temporary buildings to appear in Napier after the earthquake (Campbell, 1975). Within the Napier Borough it was noted that there was "no difficulty in the business area [and that] all new buildings [had] been erected on the proper places" (ibid.,17). Rescue parties, boosted by sailors and soldiers, worked desperately to reach those trapped in wrecked buildings. Veronica was later installed. 4. In terms of loss of life (at least 256), it remains the worst civil disaster to have occurred in New Zealand. The Memorial Square structure incorporated the undamaged Women's Rest Rooms and almost surrounded the Cenotaph while, on Clive Square, the bandstand was likewise swallowed up (McGregor, 1998). - Before and After). Consequently, Napier's business district, from Tennyson Street to Dickens Street, was abandoned to the flames which, after destroying any remaining wooden structures, left the town looking like a bomb site (Wright, 2001). Almost 90 years on - the anniversary is February 3 - these survivors share their stories. government agencies. In the early 'thirties the whole country was in the grip of the Depression, with many people on the East Coast of the North Island affected by falling prices for agricultural exports. In Napier, the 60-year-old wooden courthouse (now Department of Conservation) on Marine Parade was pressed into service as a temporary morgue (Wright, 2001). What is 161? The occurrence of "New Zealand's most destructive single disaster" (Wright, 2001) was to change everything for the city of Napier, from its topography to its architecture and lifestyle (McGregor, 1998). Of those who were allotted places, some were less than happy with their positioning. 200. Initially, women and children were to be sent while the men were expected to stay and help out (Shaw and Hallett, 1987). ... “Only a little one” said Mr. Roach, who was now getting used to the quakes which always follow a big earthquake. The napier earthquake is a big part of new zealands history being the largest disaster in new zealands history taking the lifes of 258 people living in napier and the sorounding areas at the time. Occupying the entire block between Hastings and Market Streets on the southern side of Tennyson Street, the new building was seen as "a statement of faith in Napier's future" (McGregor, 1998:40). Gwen worked as a cashier at Griffith's Shoe Shop in Hastings and was killed there by falling masonry in the earthquake on 03 February 1931. In terms of loss of life (at least 256), it remains the worst civil disaster to have occurred in New Zealand. Botanical Gardens and other Napier gardens, Marine Parade Outfall and Viewing Platform, Marewa Shopping Centre Safety Improvements, Tamatea/Parklands Controlled Water Area (CWA), Te Puawaitanga – Green Communities Together Fund, Support for homeowners affected by COVID-19, District Plan Review Discussion Documents. The M s 7.8 Hawke's Bay earthquake of 1931 February 3 (New Zealand local time) was felt throughout most of New Zealand andcaused extensive damage at Napier, Hastings, and throughout Hawke's Bay. The first new structure to be built in the CBD was the Market Reserve Building, completed in 1931. The Napier 'quake killed at least 256 people, and the city was largely destroyed first by the tremor and then by fire. HAWKE'S BAY EARTHQUAKE TUESDAY 03 FEBRUARY 1931 NAPIER, HAWKE'S BAY, NEW ZEALAND. Refugee camps were created around the North Island for women and children, who were encouraged to leave the region. A huge piece of land that . It woke me up it was an alarm clock for Napier today." Buildings swayed violently, and their walls bulged and collapsed into the streets in avalanches of brick and masonry that crushed vehicles and people. Advertisement Advertise with NZME. The street with the most "outstanding example of movement" was Georges Drive (ibid.). In the years leading up to the outbreak of WWII, the Napier Thirty Thousand Club played a leading role in the development of Marine Parade, raising funds for the Sound Shell, the outer Colonnade, the skating rink and the Memorial Arches. All non-text content is subject to specific conditions. It also has one of the most photographed tourist attractions in the country, a statue on Marine Parade called Pania of the Reef . When the Commissioners began the restoration of the CBD, they consulted the Napier Reconstruction Committee, an organisation with representatives from local authorities, business and the professions, whose job was to investigate numerous reconstruction needs. Fifteen died at an old men’s home near Taradale, where rescuers pulled a 91-year-old alive from the rubble three days later. Built in 1929, the two-storey bungalow that survived the 1931 Napier earthquake was left dangerously close to the edge of a large, muddy bank. Shortly after 10.45am on Tuesday the 3rd February 1931 an earthquake measuring 7.9 on the Richter scale struck the Hawke's Bay area on the east coast of the North Island of New Zealand. When the earthquake, measuring 7.8 on the Richter scale, struck at 10.47 a.m., many buildings in central Napier and Hastings collapsed. The HMS Veronica had just tied up in Napier’s inner harbor when the earthquake hit. Where did the incident happen beginning with 'N' Power and telephone lines were also placed underground in a bid to improve the town's appearance (Campbell, 1975). No work was too dangerous for the "bluejackets". On February 3, 1931 the peaceful tranquillity of New Zealand's Hawkes Bay region was shattered when the area was struck by the worst earthquake … Shelley and Ursula stand in front of land that used to be a lagoon until it was uplifted during the 1931 Napier earthquake. When the earthquake, measuring 7.8 on the Richter scale, struck at 10.47 a.m., many buildings in central Napier and Hastings collapsed. Bridges and railway lines were broken and bent. Commercial re-use may be allowed on request. "The replacement or re-establishment of public, private or government institutions or departments, businesses [and] industries street widening, town planning, building [locations and] architectural design" (Campbell, 1975:149). 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By March 1932, nineteen new shops in Hastings Street and Tennyson Street were ready for occupation. Burials of the dead also began in both Napier and Hastings. Number of people that died in napier. Starting from the morning when the quake hit, the following entries provide facts, personal memories and photos. The 1931 Hawke's Bay earthquake, also known as the Napier earthquake, occurred in New Zealand at 10:47 am on Tuesday 3 February 1931, killing 256 and devastating the Hawke's Bay region.It remains New Zealand's deadliest natural disaster. As all survey plans and land titles, held in the Lands and Survey Department, and owners' duplicates, held in bank vaults, had been destroyed in the earthquake / fire, a complete resurvey of Hawke's Bay was required (McGregor, 1998). The wind had also shifted from a westerly (off-shore) to an easterly which sent the flames roaring up Hastings Street towards the Hill (H.B. On 8 April The Hawke's Bay Earthquake Act was passed, providing statutory assistance to the region (Wright, 2001). Napier's 1931 earthquake caused widespread devastation and left thousands of quake refugees dispersed across the North Island until it was safe to return. Applications for shops far exceeded the number available so occupants were selected by ballot (Campbell, 1975). The noise was compared to that of 'an express train' (Wright, 2001). As buildings began to disintegrate, many people fled outdoors into a lethal rain of chunks from ornate facades, parapets and cornices. 50 THE AUCKLAND WEEKLY NEWS. Flames gutted almost 11 blocks of central Napier, killing people who were still trapped. Some of the bios below were taken from this site The official death toll was 256 people who died in the magnitude 7.8 earthquake but there are 258 names on the memorial and this unofficial number is likely to be correct - 161 in Napier When did the eathquake happen and what was the population. 200. With Napier’s hospitals badly damaged and unusable, medical authorities set up makeshift surgeries at the botanical gardens and Hastings and Napier Park racecourses. Centred 15 km north of Napier, it lasted for two and a half minutes and measured magnitude 7.8 Ms (magnitude 7.9 Mw). The conditions were favourable for the spread of fire in that it was a hot, fine day following a dry spell of weather. the earth heaved upwards and swayed (McGregor, 1998). Only then could the task of clearing Napier begin in earnest. The official toll for the Hawke's Bay earthquake was 256 dead (including 162 in Napier), 2 unaccounted for, and 400 hospitalised (McGregor, 1998). 5. Among the buildings destroyed were Napier’s Anglican cathedral, public library and nurses’ home, where clerical staff and off-duty nurses died. The earthquake ultimately had some positive outcomes: the 2.7-m uplift drained much of Ahuriri Lagoon, making land available for farms, industry, housing and Napier Airport; and much of central Napier was rebuilt in an art deco style which would begin to attract tourists half a century later. Most of the structural damage and human casualties occurred in Napier's (and Hastings) central business district. Residential kerbside rubbish collections are changing. Portions of the information and material on this site, including data, pages, documents, online On February 13th, 10 days later, there was a large 7.3 magnitude aftershock that contributed to the heavy damage in the region. An edited sample only. Dec 12, 2013 - Highlights from the Photographic Collection of the 1931 Hawke's Bay Earthquake. How big and how long did the earthquake last for? The Army also arrived reaching Napier slightly before the Navy. They were not hurt. The 1931 Hawke's Bay earthquake, also known as the Napier earthquake, occurred in New Zealand at 10:47 am on 3 February, killing 256 and devastating the Hawke's Bay region. were feeling New Zealand’s worst earthquake at 7.8 on the Richter scale. Roofs caved in on buildings that had large open internal areas, such as churches, libraries and theatres. 1931 Hawke's Bay earthquake. These cover not just the earthquake but the fires which came shortly afterwards, the aftershocks, the notable buildings destroyed, the lives lost, the rescue work and the rebuilding effortinvolved. The setting up of emergency services was greatly assisted by seamen from HMS Veronica, moored at West Quay at the time of the earthquake. As Napier's largest building it stood as a symbol, not only for the region's recovery from the earthquake but also from the great depression itself (Campbell, 1975; McGregor, 1998). Effects On The People Effects On These sites show how the landscape of the region has been forever altered. Meet the NZHistory.net.nz team, Ruins of the Napier nurses’ home following the earthquake (Alexander Turnbull Library, 1/2-002952-F), New Zealand disasters timeline – New Zealand disasters timeline, Hawke's Bay earthquake images – New Zealand disasters timeline, Hawke's Bay's big shake - roadside stories – New Zealand disasters timeline, National Tobacco Company Building – 100 New Zealand Places, Hawke's Bay earthquake (Hastings District Libraries), New Zealand disasters: Napier earthquake (Chch City Libraries), Hawke's Bay earthquake (1966 encyclopaedia), Napier severely damaged by 1931 earthquake. A special reporter sent by the New Zealand Herald on the day of the earthquake reached Napier at night to find "a city of the dead, except for the glow of a land fire, and the lights of ships" (NZH quoted in Wright, 2001:83). See more ideas about Earthquake, Hawke's bay, Bay. Water was collected from Artesian wells in Mclean Park. Just days before the opening of Tin Town, retired magistrate John S. Barton and retired engineer Lachlan B. Campbell, formerly of the Public Works Department, were appointed Commissioners of Napier with the task of restoring services (Wright, 2001). 3 February The convoy was comprised of 4 officers and 27 men with 500 bell tents, 12,680 blankets, and equipment to set up a field kitchen able to cater for 1000 people in Nelson Park. In some buildings the internal floors pulled free of the swaying walls, collapsing inward in a jumble of girders, wood and plaster. Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand This is an e… The cities that were worst effected included Napier and Hastings. In Na… With the water supply already disrupted by the earthquake, the Fire Brigade was rendered virtually powerless, despite earnest attempts to bring water from the sea (McGregor, 1998). A Government loan of £10,000 provided for the building of 32 temporary business premises in Clive Square and 22 professional offices in Memorial Square (Shaw and Hallett, 1987). The official death toll was 256. People ran down The official death toll for the Hawke’s Bay earthquake is 256 (161 in Napier, 93 in Hastings, two in Wairoa). On the morning of 3 February 1931, the air 'had grown still and oppressive' and the sea was 'so calm and still' and a 'most peculiar colour', so much that everyone was talking about it (Wright, 2001). From these shops the fire spread into adjoining buildings, and by mid afternoon, the town was completely ablaze. Surface deformation accompanying the earthquake resulted in a >90 km long, 17 km wide asymmetric dome trending northeast and extending from southwest of Hastings to northeast of the Mohaka River … Archival audio: Gordon Amner recalls the 1931 Hawkes Bay earthquake. Transcript. With Barton acting as chief administrator and town planner and Campbell in charge of engineering works, Napier would be under their control until the election of a new Borough Council on 15 May, 1933 (Campbell, 1975; McGregor, 1998). We mourn the passing of Mr Robinson on Xmas day 2010. Some of the information available in this site is from the New Zealand Public domain and supplied by relevant Having been impressed by a coloured fountain in Bournemouth, menswear retailer Tom Parker donated a similar one which was completed in December 1936. information or material is copyright to the respective provider. Opened at McLean Park by the Governor General, Lord Bledisloe, the carnival's events included band contests, processions, race meetings and bowling tournaments (Campbell, 1975). Kitchens were set up at the Hastings Street, Marine Parade (for government officials only) and the Ahuriri Centres (Wright, 2001). In addition to these efforts, the officers and men of the NZ Naval Squadron also made a generous donation subscribing to a special relief fund in the amount of £530 (H.B. The act provided loans for companies (excepting national companies or those with head offices outside Hawke's Bay) and individuals, to assist them to rebuild. NAPIER AFTER THE 1931 EARTHQUAKE. Energies roughly equal to the detonation of 100 million tonnes of TNT was channelled down a moving slab of landscape - a 'rupture zone' - that ran directly below Napier and southwest across the Heretaunga plains. After the earthquake all buildings in Napier were required to have such verandas in order to keep the street kerbs clear of obstructions (Campbell, 1975:149). When is 3rd February 1931. Together with Borough Council funds, the club contributed to the Sunbay, or seaward Colonnade, where the bell of the H.M.S. 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